It’s no secret that 2022 and 2023 have featured higher mortgage rates, making things more challenging for would-be buyers and refinancers than in the recent past.
That said, rates are much lower now than they have been historically, and I think this historical perspective could, if nothing else, be helpful context for Americans in 2023.
Take a look below at a brief history of mortgage rates. I hope you find this compilation interesting and informative!
Disco found its way into the lives of Americans right around the time Freddie Mac started tracking rates for 30-year mortgages. 30-year rates danced near 7.50% to start the decade.
By 1974, inflation was an issue just as it is now, and 30-year fixed mortgage rates jumped over 10%, ending the 70s near 13%. Yikes—but even higher rates were on the way!
High inflation persisted into the 1980s, with 30-year mortgage rates peaking around 18% in 1981.
Stagflation was the theme of the time, which translates to non-existent economic growth and persistently high inflation. The widely followed Consumer Price Index (CPI) reached a high of 13.6% in 1980 compared to its June 2022 peak of 9%.
As the decade finished, 30-year mortgage rates fell back to single digits, settling at around 9.94%.
Some folks point out current economic similarities to that of the 1980s, and that is part of the reason some see 7% to 8% 30-year fixed rates as not so high right now.
This decade saw AOL and Yahoo take off over 56k dial-up modems. 8% to 10% was roughly the range for a 30-year fixed mortgage over this decade, higher than where we are today.
Median single-family home price in the United States in June 1995: $108,511
Dot-Com boom and bust to start. Financial crisis to finish.
Rates started the decade near 8% and fell over the next ten years, ending the decade near 5.20% after the Fed cut rates rapidly in response to the 2008-2009 financial crisis.
After the financial crisis, many folks lost homes in foreclosure, and interest rates stayed low as home prices stayed suppressed through 2012. Then, home prices began to rise.
This time was the beginning of super-easy monetary policy: 30-year rates stayed around the 3.45 – 4.90% range. Just a few percentage points lower than where we are now.
Here we are. The onset of the pandemic ushered in extremely low-interest rates as the Fed dropped rates to near zero (the federal funds rate, not mortgage rates). 30-year rates traded to extreme sub-3% levels in 2021. Rates had never been so low since Freddie Mac started data tracking in 1971.
Current points to consider:
- Mortgage rates are still on the low side of historical averages over the last 50 years.
- Mortgage rates have pulled back from their highs in November near 8%.
- Recent Consumer Price Index (CPI) readings have shown some relaxation in inflation, potentially an encouraging sign for the mortgage interest rate markets.
Buyers today can consider something that many seasoned real estate investors preach: “You can always change the interest rate, but not the purchase price.”
Should rates decline in the future, a home purchaser can always refinance their mortgage later. In fact, now that many real estate local markets have normalized, higher rates may be offset or softened by lower prices (at least compared to recent years).
With that last point noted, I hope this historical perspective was helpful. If you have questions about the current real estate market or mortgage rates, please email or give me a call. I’d be happy to talk through where things are now and where prices and rates may trend the rest of the year.